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-> Oracle OFA : Oracle Optimal Flexible Architecture

 

 Oracle OFA : Oracle Optimal Flexible Architecture

 

 

Oracle OFA (Optimal Flexible Architecture) is a set of rules guidelines that help you to manage the database easier and assure that all the tasks are done quicker and better. This is the reason why we need to read the Oracle OFA rules. These rules are not mandatory, but are good to follow them. Sometimes there are rules related to an Oracle version, but the most of all are generic and are created most for the production environments. The rules may changes function of the hardware / the architecture we use (if we use RAID or not for instance).

 

1. OFA naming convention for directories

   - all the oracle binaries (Oracle homes) stay in a directory path to differentiate the Oracle product (database, middleware, etc)  and the version. Also we have to know that this is an Oracle product.

      For this reason, ORACLE_HOME directory path must be like this:

      /u01/oracle/database/11.2.0

     "database" => there we have the database binaries

     "11.2.0"    => for the 11.2.0 version      (generally we use the 3 digit version)

 

   - the datafiles (including the control files, and the log files) are not stored in the same directory with the Oracle binaries (we cannot have the data files in Oracle homes !!!).

     For this reason the data files are situated in a directory like this:

     /u02/oradata/PDD

    "oradata"  => we have data files here

    "PDD"     =>  for the ORACLE_SID = PDD

2. Mount points naming

If we have 2 disks (physical disks generally) we can create 2 mount points for them like :  /oradata/PDD  and  /data2/PDD but if you read this it is not evident that we deal with 2 disks (this thing is very important for an Oracle DBA).

 

In order to fix this "issue" Oracle OFA recommends using this notation:  /u01  and /u02

 

When you read ... /u01/oradata/PDD/users01.dbf  and /u02/oradata/PDD/users02.dbf it's clear that we have 2 data files located on different disks.

 

3. Tuning I/O loads across all disks

This guideline is useful generally when we are not using a RAID as storage.

 

4. Name the file extensions function of their content

 

.ctl       --->  for control files
.log      --->  for log files
.dbf     --->  for data files

.arc     --->  for achieve log files

 

5. Database administration files are located in the same location (have a common directory their directory are stored in )

In Oracle 11g this is done by setting the DIAGNOSTIC_DEST initialization parameter.

 

In Oracle 11g, ADR location: <diagnostic_dest>/diag/rdbms/<dbname>/<instname>

The following files are located under the ADR home directory:

Trace files - located in subdirectory <adr-home>/trace
Alert logs - located in subdirectory <adr-home>/alert
Core files - located in the subdirectory <adr-home>/cdumd

 

6. The data files have names which can identify quickly their associated tablespace.

For the TEMP tablespace "temp01.dbf" could be a good name for instance.

 

 

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